Learning Disabilities (LD) is a collective term for a wide variety of learning problems. Learning disabilities are problems that affect the brain's ability to receive, process, analyze, or store information. Children and adults with learning disabilities see, hear, and understand things differently. This can lead to problems with learning new information and skills, and putting them to use. This could lead to underachievement, which is unexpected based on the child's potential as well as the opportunity given to have learned more.
The most common types of learning disabilities involve problems with reading, writing, math, reasoning, listening, and speaking. COMMON TYPES OF LEARNING DISABILITIES Dyslexia – Difculty with reading
Dyscalculia – Difficulty with math
Dysgraphia – Difficulty with writing
Dyspraxia – Difficulty with fine motor skills
Dysphasia – Difficulty with language
Auditory Processing Disorder – Difficulty hearing differences between sounds
Visual Processing Disorder – Difficulty interpreting visual information
COMORBIDITY WITH LEARNING DISABILITIES
Comorbidity is described as a situation where two or more conditions that are diagnostically distinguishable from one another tend to occur together. Learning disabilities is very often confused with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). It is important to understand that these are two separate conditions, irrespective of the significant level of co-morbidity. A child with one type of disability could also be diagnosed with another type together. For example: A child can have Dyslexia and Dysgraphia together. Alot of children with ADHD can also have a learning disability. Depression and Anxiety are also possible comorbid disorders. Look out for the next article for more on Learning Disabilities.